Cattle, Grass and Trees – Combinations, Pitfalls and Opportunities
Extensive beef production is the single largest land use in Queensland occurring on 65% of the state’s landmass. At the same time there are a lot of trees in Queensland with 50% of the state mapped as remnant vegetation where trees are the dominant plant form.
Therefore for most beef producers in Queensland, a day-to-day aspect of their enterprise involves managing the balance between cattle, grass and trees with this balance being dictated by aspects of ownership (of both the land and the trees), climate, land type, production systems and legislation.
The native forest timber industry is a relatively minor industry in Queensland in both an economic and geographic context. None-the-less, in some regions, it is an important industry. Over 60% of the hardwood log supply in Queensland is sourced from private native forests and most of that from properties where beef production is the primary enterprise and owned by landholders who see themselves as graziers and not foresters. At the same time emerging carbon markets are looking to make use of native forest regrowth on extensive beef properties, potentially competing with the beef enterprise itself or the associated hardwood industry.
In this webinar recording, join Bill Schulke (Forestry Extension Officer – Private Forestry Service Queensland) when he:
- discusses the combinations of cattle, grass and trees
- outlines both the positive and negative interactions of trees in a grazing landscape
- highlight some of the opportunities and pitfalls of the integrated management of a mixed beef and timber enterprise
- outlines a process for assessing the economic potential for a silvo-pastoral industry.
Download a copy of the presentation – Cattle, grass and trees (PDF; 2.9 MB)
- Introducing – Private Forestry Service Queensland (YouTube video, 3:05 – Private Forestry Service Queensland)
- Forestry – native, plantation and agroforestry (Private Forestry Service Queensland)
- What’s my timber worth? (Private Forestry Service Queensland)
- Forestry – resources, tax and legislation (Private Forestry Service Queensland)
- Forestry Queensland (Queensland Department of Agriculture and Fisheries)
- Queensland vegetation management (Queensland Environment, Land and Water)
- Cattle, Grass and Trees – Combinations, Pitfalls and Opportunities
- What will be covered?
- What won’t be covered?
- Distribution of Australian forest types
- Average annual timber production
- Queensland hardwood industry
- Private Native Forests (PNF) – at a glance
- High grading – a form of forest abuse
- Silvicultural thinning – a bit of forest lovin’
- Response to thinning
- 3 broad PNF situations
- Silvicultural investment pays for most forest types up to a discount rate of 7.5%
- What are the impediments?
- Grazed woodlands in Queensland
- Impacts of trees on grass
- Silvo-pastoralism can be a bit tricky
- Looking at the impacts of three management scenarios
- Tracking (tree) basal area through time
- Commercial volume growth and harvest revenue
- Opening up native forest to produce grass for cattle and safe carrying capacities
- Carrying capacity examples
- Impact of (tree) management on carrying capacity (AE/ha), value of beef production, grazing/timber gross margins
- Limitations and assumptions